While reports on Iran have focused on its nuclear and missile program, what is left largely unreported is the ambitious conventional arms program embarked by Iran in recent years. The following is a brief summary of the major armaments being produced in Iran. I. Main Battle Tanks Iran has 3 generations of Zulfiqar tanks: the Z-1, Z-2, and the latest model Z-3 tanks. They were all featured in last years' military parade. The Zulfaghar-3 (Z-3) battle tank is an advanced tank strongly resembling the American M1 Abrams tank. http://www.halo5.net/trg/m1_zul_compare.htm All of Iran's major tanks are fitted with Iranian ERA packages designed to increase their battle survivability. You can view pictures of Iran's tanks, including the "Z-3" at the following site: http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_249.shtml II. Fighter Aircraft A. Azarakhsh Fighter Iran shocked military observers in 1997 when it announced successfully test flying a domestically produced jet fighter, named the Azarakhsh. Iran currently has around 30 Azarakhsh fighters in its inventory. B. Saegheh A couple of months ago, Iran finally showed a test flight of its Saegheh jet fighter. A short clip of the Saegheh jet fighter in flight can be viewed at the following site: http://www.iribnews.ir/media/tv/ch1/14-00/today.asf The Saegheh is a larger, twin finned, version of Northrop's F-5 fighter and despite modern avianics and other additions, still lags behind modern jet fighters in the West. However, Iran has announced plans for the development of a so-called 4th generation stealth fighter, the Shafagh. You can see a comparison of the Shafagh with the Russian MIG I-2000 advanced fighter at the following site (scroll down to the middle of the page, left corner, for pictures of mock versions of the Shafagh and comparison with the Russian fighter): http://www.aeronautics.ru/news/news002/news065.htm C. Other Aircraft Besides the Azarakhsh, Saegheh and Shafagh, Iran also produces several trainers and other light aircraft, along with several types of helicopters. In addition, Iran has a join project with the Ukraine for the production of a large transport airplane, with a commercial and a military version, called the Iran-140. III. Warships Iran has several warships under develpment, and has already launched its so-called Mowj "destroyer" -- which is actually the size of a small frigate or corvette. Iran also produces a midget submarine as well as smaller missle and patrol boats. Just today, Iran announced that it has also launched a large ocean going vessel, although I don't know much about it. IV. Space Satellites Iran has a space program, announcing today that it will launch its first domestic space satellite by next year. This satellite will orbit 900 km outside the earth's orbit. Although Iran denies that the satellite will have any military applications, and claims it will be launched purely for scientific exploration, many analysts have linked work on this satellite with later generation models of Iran's Shahab Medium Range Ballistic Missiles. V. Missiles, Artillery, and other armaments Besides a variety of ground to ground missiles, Iran also produces a host of other missiles, including ground to air missiles, air to air missiles, air to sea and ground to sea cruise missiles. Similarly, Iran produces various types of artillery and multiple rocket launchers, and is largely self-sufficient in most munitions and small arms. Although Iran is roughly a decade way from reaching the objectives of its conventional arms build up, namely to fully replace its aging arsenal from foreign sources, the advancements made by Iran in conventional arms is rather remarkable.